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Macular Degeneration Facts – A Threat to Adulthood

Macular degeneration is basically an age related case of medical condition that affects the older adult generation. The loss of vision is the primary result of having this type of condition. The center of the visual field is the one that is affected by this condition as compared to other type of visual disorders. The area affected is what you call the macula and the reason behind the loss of vision is because your retina is damaged. Two forms are part of this condition that is the wet and dry forms. The target for this condition are those who age fifty years and above.

Since the vision lost for this type of condition happens in the central vision, you will be having difficulties reading, recognizing places or people. In order to handle your daily routine, you may make use of your peripheral vision that is not affected by the condition. There is the existence of the dry version of the macular degeneration and it is termed as nonexudative and it is caused basically by the buildup of debris between the two areas of your eyes -retina and choroid. The debris is referred to as Drusen and this is the one that causes the retina to be detached and eventually causes the symptoms of blindness.

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On the other hand, the exudative form or the wet form of the macular degeneration is caused by the vessels that are growing behind your retina. These are growing from the choroid. The treatment for this can either be medication or laser coagulation to handle the wet form of the macular degeneration. Undergoing such treatment may be able to stop the growth of the vessel or reverse its growth.
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One of the signs that will determine if you have the condition of macular degeneration is the yellow deposits found in the macula. Drusen is made from these yellow deposits. In fact, most people don’t really realize they possess the signs or notice any difference on their eyesight in their pre or early stage. Once the deposits increases and the condition worsens, that is the time you will notice it. Though this is not yet confirmed scientifically, the yellow deposits are linked as cholesterol and treatment on this is through lowering cholesterol treatments.

The risk factors associated to this macular degeneration are the family history, the gene of the macular degeneration, the aging of the person or even genetic defect. Being observant and alert to any signs and symptoms of this type of condition in your vision is very important instead of ignoring it because it may worsen as time goes by. If you notice any abnormalities whether big or small, it is wise if you directly visit a medical expert.